A parent-child relationship is one of the strongest bonds. Despite common misunderstandings, a parent’s love for their child, and vice versa, is often evidently unconditional.
Parenthood, however, is not always filled with rainbows and butterflies. In fact, it’s loaded with hurdles and challenges. This is why no matter how physically and emotionally prepared an individual may seem, they might still end up getting frustrated from the time their child is born until they’re all grown up.
4 Different Parenting Styles
Indeed, parenthood is not a straightforward or a light responsibility. The good thing, however, is there are research-based methods and recommendations you can utilize as guides. After all, there’s no one-style-fits-all when it comes to raising a child. Since every kid has their own individuality or personality, it’s unavoidable to tailor-fit a parenting style.
Just to give you an idea though, here are 4 common types of parenting.
- Authoritarian or Disciplinarian
Authoritarian parents are often referred to as disciplinarians as they’re focused on disciplining their kids usually through punishment. They set high expectations with little to no negotiations, and in most cases, communication is just one way. The parent creates rules and enforces them without listening or taking into consideration their child’s opinions. As a result, children who’ve experienced such parenting strictly follow rules but their obedience is often conditional. They could also end up being hostile, aggressive, or controlling.
Authoritative parents reinforce positive discipline and are often referred to as supportive parents. They typically utilize a positive parenting style where they frequently and appropriately communicate to their kids’ level of understanding. Though they also set firm rules and high expectations, these parents thoroughly explain the reasons behind those and typically take into consideration their children’s opinions. As a result, children tend to know how to be content and how to enjoy their lives. They could also end up being good at decision-making as well as having a sense of ownership.
- Permissive or Indulgent
Permissive parents are often referred to as indulgent as they are usually lenient. In a way, permissive parenting means spoiling a child; parents tend to end up being more like friends with their children. Opposite to authoritarian, permissive parents establish open communication and let their children decide for themselves. As a result, children don’t respect authorities or follow rules, exhibiting certain behavioral problems. They also tend to end up having health problems such as obesity and dental cavities.
Uninvolved parents are often referred to as the higher level of permissive parents. They give their children total freedom and often consciously stay out of their children’s way. It’s like there’s no specific style imposed; it’s more of a come-what-may scenario. As a result, children have low self-esteem and become happy-go-lucky individuals negatively. They also tend to end up performing poorly in school and at work, and less likely to be happy.
5 Tips for Positive Parenting Strategies & Solutions
Positive parenting is one of the most beneficial and effective ways parents can raise their children. In this parenting style, there’s a continual positive parent-child relationship. Parents positively reinforce house rules and limitations, often taking into consideration their children’s personal and unique needs.
Though positive parenting sounds like all good, it doesn’t mean parents don’t reprimand their kids when they behave badly. It only means parents take a positive approach that’s sensitive to their children’s individual needs. Parents focus on their children’s development and nurturing. As a result, their children tend to grow with respect, compassion, and gratitude.
Should you wish to exercise this parenting approach, here are 5 positive parenting techniques you could utilize.
- Be Respectful
Be sensitive and considerate of your child’s emotions and feelings. Though they’re at fault, never let them feel like they’re useless or stupid; instead, help them learn from those mistakes.
- Exercise Relativity
Should you choose to impose consequences or punishments, be sure to let them understand how these are related to their actions. In this way, you’re somehow making them feel like they’re still in control of their lives.
- Be Reasonable
Disciplining your children is essential but don’t forget you’re still dealing with a child who has a different level of understanding and perspective. Hence, be sure to give them a break or time-out, and be reasonable with your consequences and conditions.
- Establish Continuity
Follow-ups are as vital as initial enforcement. To ensure the lessons and disciplines you wish to instill are retained, it’s important to establish continuity.
- Be Transparent
Parents are only meant to guide and assist their children and not to control them. One great technique of imposing positive parenting is transparency and properly establishing expectations.
8 Benefits of Positive Parenting
A parent doesn’t always necessarily mean a biological father or mother. If you’re an individual who has established a strong relationship with your child and/or has greatly influenced a child’s psychosocial well-being, then you’re considered to be a caregiver, someone who takes on the similar role of a parent.
Positive parenting is mainly focused on making child-rearing choices, reflecting your beliefs, values, and principles as a parent as well as your child’s stage of development. Parenting experts recommend this method as it encourages kids to listen to you as their parents without hesitations and conditions.
This style of parenting is not only applicable during early childhood but throughout an individual’s various life stages. Here are some of the efficient benefits of enforcing positive parenting.
- Encourages more open and effective communication.
- Builds stronger bonds and relationships.
- Establishes deeper trust and respect.
- Creates higher self-esteem and confidence.
- Mitigates negative behavior.
- Nurtures kids to be more likely to follow and obey rules.
- Instills discipline and ownership.
- Fosters open-mindedness and positive attitudes.
Frequently Asked Questions About Positive Parenting
What are the four parenting styles?
The four different styles of parenting are authoritarian/disciplinarian, authoritative, permissive/indulgent, and uninvolved.
What is positive parenting psychology?
Positive parenting psychology refers to the approach utilized in addressing/correcting a child’s behavior. It doesn’t mean all good and positive, it simply means the method used is more compassionate, sensitive, and respectful.
How do you practice positive parenting?
You can practice positive parenting by being respectful, exercising relativity, being reasonable, establishing continuity, and being transparent.
How does bad parenting affect a child?
Bad parenting significantly affects a child and is usually evident in the long run especially on their mental health. Since the child is still developing, whatever is instilled during this phase is typically retained and carried over. Worse, the adverse effects could be passed on to the following generations if not consciously addressed.